This thematic guidance note focuses on conflict and guidance in urban risk and knowledge. The note provides insights into distinguishing between conflict and violence. Conflict is a dynamic process, can be violent or non-violent and can go through various stages of escalation and de-escalation. In violent conflict however, at least one actor uses force to pursue their aim (Scheffran et al. 2012). The note provides guidance for integrating violence and conflict considerations into research and analysis for Urban ARK and beyond.