This publication covers a range of disaster risk management (DRM) themes, from community participation in DRM data collection to risk mapping and from urban waste management to hazard accumulation in urban risk traps.
In African cities, orienting risk management towards a developmental agenda can
confront the root causes of poverty and risk. Transition to an integrated approach has
the most chance of success when it combines interventions working on the risk culture
Dominant global climate change narratives and framings frequently do not translate well into local adaptation decision making. Narratives, such as increasing droughts, increasing flooding, and more frequent extreme events, are often not supported by climate science evidence at the local scale.
Small- and medium-sized cities and towns in sub-Saharan Africa are growing fast and accumulating risks. Local governments seek to build the resilience of their city in conditions of complex interdependent urban systems and gaps in data and information.
Research carried out in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania on cross-scalar risk communication and disaster risk governance reveals that, while there is considerable potential for communities to measure and communicate risk and to prioritise actions, there is little scope for them to influence disaster risk
Cette recherche contribue à la littérature sur le risque de catastrophes, en approfondissant la compréhension de la relation entre la vulnérabilité aux inondations, l'urbanisme et les stratégies d'adaptation locales.
In Dar es Salaam, climate model analysis strongly suggests that both day- and nighttime temperatures will rise, with heat waves also expected to increase. Heat will likely aggravate many existing health and well-being risks in the city.
Dakar can efficiently handle current and future volumes of solid waste if the following
steps are taken: i) informal waste collection is synchronised with that of the municipal
authorities; ii) environmental laws and regulations are enforced; iii) public awarenesss
Community-based organisation and action can contribute greatly to disaster risk reduction, and interlinked to this, to building resilience to the impacts of climate change.
Urban flooding cannot be avoided entirely and in all areas, particularly in coastal cities. Therefore adaptation to the growing risk is necessary. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) based knowledge on risk informs location-based approach to adaptation to climate risk.