There have been formal commitments by national governments to empower Local Governments (LGs) to undertake practical DRR actions as part of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk (SFDDR) (2015-2030) and UNISDR’s Making Cities Resilient Campaign.
This publication covers a range of disaster risk management (DRM) themes, from community participation in DRM data collection to risk mapping and from urban waste management to hazard accumulation in urban risk traps.
In African cities, orienting risk management towards a developmental agenda can
confront the root causes of poverty and risk. Transition to an integrated approach has
the most chance of success when it combines interventions working on the risk culture
Many cities in sub-Saharan Africa lack official records of deaths and of serious illnesses and injuries from everyday hazards and disaster events at all scales. This is a major limitation to effective planning for risk reduction.
Dominant global climate change narratives and framings frequently do not translate well into local adaptation decision making. Narratives, such as increasing droughts, increasing flooding, and more frequent extreme events, are often not supported by climate science evidence at the local scale.
Small- and medium-sized cities and towns in sub-Saharan Africa are growing fast and accumulating risks. Local governments seek to build the resilience of their city in conditions of complex interdependent urban systems and gaps in data and information.
The lack of systematic and homogenous records of people being impacted by everyday hazards and disaster events at all scales in many African cities is a major limitation to effective planning for risk reduction.
In Dar es Salaam, climate model analysis strongly suggests that both day- and nighttime temperatures will rise, with heat waves also expected to increase. Heat will likely aggravate many existing health and well-being risks in the city.
In recent years, lives and property worth millions of dollars have been destroyed in fire disasters in secondary schools around the world. Cases of fire disasters in Nigerian secondary schools have been experienced in the last decade with increasing frequency and severity.