Urbanization is a major feature of global population redistribution, and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), though currently ranked as the least urbanized region of the world, is the most rapidly urbanizing globally.
Between 2016 and 2017, Arup carried out case study research to explore how large two infrastructure projects are creating, compounding or mitigating risk in Nairobi. The Thika Highway Improvement Project and the Two Rivers Mall Development were selected as case studies as they represent typical l
Nairobi has a subtropical highlands climate. It is located close to the eastern edge of the East African Rift Valley at an altitude of roughly 1800 metres above sea level which strongly influences its climate.
Climate change continues to amplify vulnerability in low-income communities across Nairobi, with many urban livelihoods at great risk to the impacts of flooding. This study explores the scope for index insurance in Nairobi for flood risk at the micro-level.
For the global humanitarian community, disaster risk is most concerning in developing countries where natural hazards are increasingly threatening their fragile economies and the lives, health, and livelihoods of vulnerable populations.
An estimated 11.2 billion tons of solid waste are collected worldwide every year.
This report documents household characteristics, solid waste management (SWM) and the associated risks to health in two cities in Kenya. The study was conducted in the communities of Korogocho/Dandora, Saika and Makadara in Nairobi, and Bamburi and Kisauni in Mombasa.
In this paper, we use analytical review methodology to examine integrated environmental management and sector specific policies in Nairobi and Mombasa, Kenya’s two biggest cities, to highlight the extent to which existing policies and practices cover the differential challenges of exposure to sol
Among the issues that stunt the move towards proper solid waste management (SWM), and which have received little research attention is the role of conflict and criminal activities in the sector.
Solid Waste Management in Urban Africa: Methodological Approaches to Data Collection on Vulnerability, Capacity and Loss Assessment in Nairobi, Mombasa and Dakar: Methodological Guidance Notes