WP1 - Vulnerability Assessment

Four different approaches to urban risk and vulnerability assessment will be deployed under WP 1 based on:

  1. Epidemiology (Nairobi, Mombasa, Dakar)
  2. Participatory approaches (Karonga)
  3. Historical event mapping (Ibadan)
  4. Household vulnerability (Niamey)
  1. In Dakar, Nairobi and Mombasa a common research approach focuses on poor solid waste management (SWM), and relevant associated secondary hazards, such as groundwater pollution, flooding and fires. APHRC will draw on its expertise in areas of public health and epidemiology in urban informal settlements to identify determining factors for the causes of morbidity and mortality amongst target groups.
  2. In Ibadan work innovates a city scale DesInventar methodology explicitly designed to draw out both extensive and intensive loss data and underlying social vulnerability. DesInventar has been piloted in several other cities in Africa and thus provides scope for comparative analysis.
  3. In Karonga work applies a community level Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment method. The tool is intended to support the development of effective risk reduction interventions by considering how everyday/multiple hazard risks and vulnerabilities can be addressed through urban planning and governance. The approach will also include several components such as water quality analysis and household interviews. 
  4. In Niamey work centres on a child-centred, gender sensitive approach to explore varied vulnerabilities of boys and girls from conflict-displaced and host communities including economic migrant families. Work builds on Save the Children’s Household Economy Approach (HEA). This is a food and water security early warning and vulnerability assessment tool used throughout the Sahel region and with extension to East Africa, now being adapted to urban contexts.

Kenya has developed various policy frameworks to guide the management of solid waste.

Globally, urbanisation is associated with the increased generation of solid waste. City authorities are struggling to provide adequate waste management services,

Around half of the urban population in sub-Saharan Africa live in informal settlements, lacking the basic infrastructure and services on which good health depends.

In recent years, lives and property worth millions of dollars have been destroyed in fire disasters in secondary schools around  the world.

Community-based organisation and action can contribute greatly to disaster risk reduction, and interlinked to this, to building resilience to the impacts of climate change.

An estimated 11.2 billion tons of solid waste are collected worldwide every year.

This report documents household characteristics, solid waste management (SWM) and the associated risks to health in two cities in Kenya.

This report addresses Solid Waste Management (SWM) in Dakar (Senegal). It focuses on man-made hazards of poor Solid Waste Management, consequent loss to health and associated secondary hazards.

The inhabitants of African towns and cities face a range of hazards, which can best be described as representing a ‘spectrum of risk’ from events that can cause death, illness or injury, and impove

La résilience urbaine est un produit de la capacité des ménages à absorber le stress, às’adapter et à transformer la marge d’action en gestion du risque.


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