WP1 - Vulnerability Assessment

Four different approaches to urban risk and vulnerability assessment will be deployed under WP 1 based on:

  1. Epidemiology (Nairobi, Mombasa, Dakar)
  2. Participatory approaches (Karonga)
  3. Historical event mapping (Ibadan)
  4. Household vulnerability (Niamey)
  1. In Dakar, Nairobi and Mombasa a common research approach focuses on poor solid waste management (SWM), and relevant associated secondary hazards, such as groundwater pollution, flooding and fires. APHRC will draw on its expertise in areas of public health and epidemiology in urban informal settlements to identify determining factors for the causes of morbidity and mortality amongst target groups.
  2. In Ibadan work innovates a city scale DesInventar methodology explicitly designed to draw out both extensive and intensive loss data and underlying social vulnerability. DesInventar has been piloted in several other cities in Africa and thus provides scope for comparative analysis.
  3. In Karonga work applies a community level Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment method. The tool is intended to support the development of effective risk reduction interventions by considering how everyday/multiple hazard risks and vulnerabilities can be addressed through urban planning and governance. The approach will also include several components such as water quality analysis and household interviews. 
  4. In Niamey work centres on a child-centred, gender sensitive approach to explore varied vulnerabilities of boys and girls from conflict-displaced and host communities including economic migrant families. Work builds on Save the Children’s Household Economy Approach (HEA). This is a food and water security early warning and vulnerability assessment tool used throughout the Sahel region and with extension to East Africa, now being adapted to urban contexts.

In Kibera, an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya, three major development efforts are working to improve living conditions for the residents: the Kenya Slum Upgrading Programme (KENSUP) Kibera p

The inhabitants of Karonga Town in Malawi are at risk from major disasters, such
as flooding, earthquakes and droughts. They are also at risk from everyday hazards

Urban resilience is a product of the capacity of households to absorb stress, adapt to, and transform scope for action in managing risk.

The extent to which cities in Africa face climate change and natural hazard related
disaster risks is shaped by much more than just their exposure to hazard. Past and

Sub-Saharan Africa’s rapid urbanisation presents a significant opportunity to plan
and manage more resilient and sustainable towns and cities. Decision makers

Policy Pointers

Building on the special treatment required for biomedical wastes (BMW) due to associated health and environmental risks, this paper examines the historic evolution of legal framework for biomedical


Dieng, C,. Mberu, B., Dimbuene, Z., Faye, C., Amugsi, D., Aboderin, I

In this paper, we use analytical review methodology to examine integrated environmental management and sector specific policies in Nairobi and Mombasa, Kenya’s two biggest cities, to highlight the


Dickson A. Amugsi, Jane N. Mwangi, Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Isabella Aboderin, Kanyiva Muindi, Blessing Mberu

Among the issues that stunt the move towards proper solid waste management (SWM), and which have received little research attention is the role of conflict and criminal activities in the sector.


Kanyiva Muindi; Blessing Mberu, Isabella Aboderin, Tilahun Haregu and Dickson Amugsi

Solid Waste Management in Urban Africa: Methodological Approaches to Data Collection on Vulnerability, Capacity and Loss Assessment in Nairobi, Mombasa and Dakar: Methodological Guidance Notes 


Dickson Amugsi, Kanyiva Muindi, Blessing Mberu


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