WP1 - Vulnerability Assessment

Four different approaches to urban risk and vulnerability assessment will be deployed under WP 1 based on:

  1. Epidemiology (Nairobi, Mombasa, Dakar)
  2. Participatory approaches (Karonga)
  3. Historical event mapping (Ibadan)
  4. Household vulnerability (Niamey)
  1. In Dakar, Nairobi and Mombasa a common research approach focuses on poor solid waste management (SWM), and relevant associated secondary hazards, such as groundwater pollution, flooding and fires. APHRC will draw on its expertise in areas of public health and epidemiology in urban informal settlements to identify determining factors for the causes of morbidity and mortality amongst target groups.
     
  2. In Ibadan work innovates a city scale DesInventar methodology explicitly designed to draw out both extensive and intensive loss data and underlying social vulnerability. DesInventar has been piloted in several other cities in Africa and thus provides scope for comparative analysis.
     
  3. In Karonga work applies a community level Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment method. The tool is intended to support the development of effective risk reduction interventions by considering how everyday/multiple hazard risks and vulnerabilities can be addressed through urban planning and governance. The approach will also include several components such as water quality analysis and household interviews. 
     
  4. In Niamey work centres on a child-centred, gender sensitive approach to explore varied vulnerabilities of boys and girls from conflict-displaced and host communities including economic migrant families. Work builds on Save the Children’s Household Economy Approach (HEA). This is a food and water security early warning and vulnerability assessment tool used throughout the Sahel region and with extension to East Africa, now being adapted to urban contexts.

Karonga Community Capacity and Vulnerability Analysis: methodological guidance notes

Author(s): 

Mtafu Manda

SUMMARY:  The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) has led a move to encourage and support governments to greatly improve the accuracy and detail in their records o

Author(s): 

David Satterthwaite, David Dodman, Mark Pelling

Author(s): 

Juliette Domon

Le rapport présente les résultats d’une étude Baseline sur l’Analyse de l’Economie des Ménages Urbains (HEA Urbain) à risque d’inondation de la ville de Niamey au Niger.

Author(s): 

Oumarou Haladou Issoufou, Nora Lecumberri

This paper examines the availability of data on disaster losses in urban areas in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and what this data tells us. 

Author(s): 

Emmanuel Osuteye, Cassidy Johnson and Donald Brown

The paper presents an overview of the historical growth of Karonga Town, Malawi and reviews the level of service delivery, various risks in the town and how these impact livelihoods.

Author(s): 

Mtafu Manda, Dominic Kamlomo, Chrispin Mphande, Elija Wanda, Orton Msiska, Jean Kaunda and James Kushe

The purpose of this background paper is to describe recent trends in African urban centres, review potential future trajectories of these, and examine their possible implications for risk accumulat

Author(s): 

David Dodman, Hayley Leck, Maria Rusca and Sarah Colenbrander

Dans l’histoire de la pensée des sciences humaines, la pression démographique sur les ressources d’une communauté a fait l’objet de plusieurs écrits.

Author(s): 

Boubacar Soumana

 Introduction: There are different types and levels of policies addressing solid waste management in Kenya.

Author(s): 

Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Abdhalah K. Ziraba, Blessing Mberu

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