WP1 - Vulnerability Assessment

Four different approaches to urban risk and vulnerability assessment will be deployed under WP 1 based on:

  1. Epidemiology (Nairobi, Mombasa, Dakar)
  2. Participatory approaches (Karonga)
  3. Historical event mapping (Ibadan)
  4. Household vulnerability (Niamey)
  1. In Dakar, Nairobi and Mombasa a common research approach focuses on poor solid waste management (SWM), and relevant associated secondary hazards, such as groundwater pollution, flooding and fires. APHRC will draw on its expertise in areas of public health and epidemiology in urban informal settlements to identify determining factors for the causes of morbidity and mortality amongst target groups.
     
  2. In Ibadan work innovates a city scale DesInventar methodology explicitly designed to draw out both extensive and intensive loss data and underlying social vulnerability. DesInventar has been piloted in several other cities in Africa and thus provides scope for comparative analysis.
     
  3. In Karonga work applies a community level Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment method. The tool is intended to support the development of effective risk reduction interventions by considering how everyday/multiple hazard risks and vulnerabilities can be addressed through urban planning and governance. The approach will also include several components such as water quality analysis and household interviews. 
     
  4. In Niamey work centres on a child-centred, gender sensitive approach to explore varied vulnerabilities of boys and girls from conflict-displaced and host communities including economic migrant families. Work builds on Save the Children’s Household Economy Approach (HEA). This is a food and water security early warning and vulnerability assessment tool used throughout the Sahel region and with extension to East Africa, now being adapted to urban contexts.

Introduction: Since independence, there have been various policy frameworks developed to guide the management of solid wastes in Kenya.

Author(s): 

Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Blessing Mberu, Abdhalah K. Ziraba

This diagnostic report for the city of Ibadan provides important overview insights and data on city population and growth, urban pattern, urban challenges such as unemployment and poverty, inadequa

Author(s): 

Ibidun Adelekan

The main urban issue that sub-Saharan Africa is facing is a rapid growth in its urban population (or in the population of particular cities) without the urban governance structures in place that ca

Author(s): 

David Satterthwaite

This paper describes how a large proportion of sub-Saharan Africa’s national (and urban) population lives in urban centres other than large cities and considers what we know about risk in these urb

Author(s): 

David Satterthwaite

The report presents the results of a Baseline study on the Urban Households Economy Analysis (Urban HEA) for households that are at risk of flooding in the city of Niamey, Niger.

Author(s): 

Oumarou Haladou Issoufou, Nora Lecumberri, Soumana Boubacar

Urban agglomerations are inherently subject to multiple intensive and extensive risks related to the complexity of their physical and socio-economic systems of production and decision- making proce

(12p)

Author(s): 

Boubacar Soumana

Populations and assets, in African cities, small and large, are among the most vulnerable to disaster risk globally. Climate change and demographic shifts add urgency and uncertainty.

(0p)

Author(s): 

Ibidun Adelekan, Cassidy Johnson, Mtafu Manda, et al

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