Many cities in sub-Saharan Africa lack official records of deaths and of serious illnesses and injuries from everyday hazards and disaster events at all scales. This is a major limitation to effective planning for risk reduction.
Dominant global climate change narratives and framings frequently do not translate well into local adaptation decision making. Narratives, such as increasing droughts, increasing flooding, and more frequent extreme events, are often not supported by climate science evidence at the local scale.
Small- and medium-sized cities and towns in sub-Saharan Africa are growing fast and accumulating risks. Local governments seek to build the resilience of their city in conditions of complex interdependent urban systems and gaps in data and information.
Research carried out in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania on cross-scalar risk communication and disaster risk governance reveals that, while there is considerable potential for communities to measure and communicate risk and to prioritise actions, there is little scope for them to influence disaster risk
This briefing outlines the development of community-led research to promote urban governance for resilience and how impactful partnerships can be created within a research programme.
Cities are at the centre stage of Africa’s pathway to prosperity, with the majority of its population expected to be living in urban areas within the next decade.
Kenya has developed various policy frameworks to guide the management of solid waste. However, their focus on environment dominates over health outcomes, and major gaps exist in stipulating clear policy strategies and implementation mechanisms.
The past may reveal local patterns and triggers of urban risk, highlighting the importance of long-term exposure to everyday events and barriers to risk reduction.
Between 2016 and 2017, Arup carried out case study research to explore how large two infrastructure projects are creating, compounding or mitigating risk in Nairobi. The Thika Highway Improvement Project and the Two Rivers Mall Development were selected as case studies as they represent typical l