There have been formal commitments by national governments to empower Local Governments (LGs) to undertake practical DRR actions as part of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk (SFDDR) (2015-2030) and UNISDR’s Making Cities Resilient Campaign.
This publication covers a range of disaster risk management (DRM) themes, from community participation in DRM data collection to risk mapping and from urban waste management to hazard accumulation in urban risk traps.
In African cities, orienting risk management towards a developmental agenda can
confront the root causes of poverty and risk. Transition to an integrated approach has
the most chance of success when it combines interventions working on the risk culture
Many cities in sub-Saharan Africa lack official records of deaths and of serious illnesses and injuries from everyday hazards and disaster events at all scales. This is a major limitation to effective planning for risk reduction.
The lack of systematic and homogenous records of people being impacted by everyday hazards and disaster events at all scales in many African cities is a major limitation to effective planning for risk reduction.
In recent years, lives and property worth millions of dollars have been destroyed in fire disasters in secondary schools around the world. Cases of fire disasters in Nigerian secondary schools have been experienced in the last decade with increasing frequency and severity.
Community-based organisation and action can contribute greatly to disaster risk reduction, and interlinked to this, to building resilience to the impacts of climate change.
The inhabitants of African towns and cities face a range of hazards, which can best be described as representing a ‘spectrum of risk’ from events that can cause death, illness or injury, and impoverishment.
The inhabitants of Karonga Town in Malawi are at risk from major disasters, such
as flooding, earthquakes and droughts. They are also at risk from everyday hazards
–whose impacts are too small to be classified as a disaster. These include poor
Karonga Community Capacity and Vulnerability Analysis: methodological guidance notes