Solid Waste Management Policies in Urban Africa: Gender and Life-course Considerations in Nairobi and Mombasa

In this paper, we use analytical review methodology to examine integrated environmental management and sector specific policies in Nairobi and Mombasa, Kenya’s two biggest cities, to highlight the extent to which existing policies and practices cover the differential challenges of exposure to solid waste and associated health challenges for males and females across the life-course. We complemented the review with an analysis of primary qualitative data. We find that apart from one municipal policy and the national vision 2030, which underscores the importance of including women and young people in waste management, 16 other policies reviewed are generally silent on gender and life-course issues.