WP1 - Vulnerability Assessment

Four different approaches to urban risk and vulnerability assessment will be deployed under WP 1 based on:

  1. Epidemiology (Nairobi, Mombasa, Dakar)
  2. Participatory approaches (Karonga)
  3. Historical event mapping (Ibadan)
  4. Household vulnerability (Niamey)
  1. In Dakar, Nairobi and Mombasa a common research approach focuses on poor solid waste management (SWM), and relevant associated secondary hazards, such as groundwater pollution, flooding and fires. APHRC will draw on its expertise in areas of public health and epidemiology in urban informal settlements to identify determining factors for the causes of morbidity and mortality amongst target groups.
  2. In Ibadan work innovates a city scale DesInventar methodology explicitly designed to draw out both extensive and intensive loss data and underlying social vulnerability. DesInventar has been piloted in several other cities in Africa and thus provides scope for comparative analysis.
  3. In Karonga work applies a community level Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment method. The tool is intended to support the development of effective risk reduction interventions by considering how everyday/multiple hazard risks and vulnerabilities can be addressed through urban planning and governance. The approach will also include several components such as water quality analysis and household interviews. 
  4. In Niamey work centres on a child-centred, gender sensitive approach to explore varied vulnerabilities of boys and girls from conflict-displaced and host communities including economic migrant families. Work builds on Save the Children’s Household Economy Approach (HEA). This is a food and water security early warning and vulnerability assessment tool used throughout the Sahel region and with extension to East Africa, now being adapted to urban contexts.

There have been formal commitments by national governments to empower Local Governments (LGs) to undertake practical DRR actions as part of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk (SFDDR) (2015-2030

This publication covers a range of disaster risk management (DRM) themes, from community participation in DRM data collection to risk mapping and from urban waste management to hazard accumulation


Mark Pelling

In African cities, orienting risk management towards a developmental agenda can

confront the root causes of poverty and risk. Transition to an integrated approach has

Urbanization is a major feature of global population redistribution, and Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), though currently ranked as the least urbanized region of the world, is the most rapidly urbanizing

Many cities in sub-Saharan Africa lack official records of deaths and of serious illnesses and injuries from everyday hazards and disaster events at all scales.

Cette recherche contribue à la littérature sur le risque de catastrophes, en approfondissant la compréhension de la relation entre la vulnérabilité aux inondations, l'urbanisme et les stratégies d'

Capitale du Niger depuis 1926, la communauté urbaine de Niamey couvre une superficie de 255 km².

The lack of systematic and homogenous records of people being impacted by everyday hazards and disaster events at all scales in many African cities is a major limitation to effective planning for r


Ibidun Adelekan

Dakar can efficiently handle current and future volumes of solid waste if the following

steps are taken: i) informal waste collection is synchronised with that of the municipal

Kenya has developed various policy frameworks to guide the management of solid waste.


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